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Art Glossary: Cartoon

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While in the 21st century we mostly think of a comic strip or animated film when we hear the word cartoon, in a painting context a cartoon is a full-sized, preparatory drawing for a painting, fresco, mosaic, or mural. Such cartoons were used for planning paintings, and pricked with fine holes to transferring the drawing to a canvas. The drawing was then placed against the canvas and powdered charcoal then dabbed with a cloth through the holes, transferring the design on to canvas.

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